从类型化列表中获取IDataReader

c# linq sql sqlbulkcopy

我有一个包含一百万个元素的List<MyObject> 。 (它实际上是一个SubSonic Collection,但它不是从数据库加载的)。

我目前正在使用SqlBulkCopy ,如下所示:

private string FastInsertCollection(string tableName, DataTable tableData)
{
    string sqlConn = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings[SubSonicConfig.DefaultDataProvider.ConnectionStringName].ConnectionString;
    using (SqlBulkCopy s = new SqlBulkCopy(sqlConn, SqlBulkCopyOptions.TableLock))
    {
        s.DestinationTableName = tableName;
        s.BatchSize = 5000;
        s.WriteToServer(tableData);
        s.BulkCopyTimeout = SprocTimeout;
        s.Close();
    }
    return sqlConn;
}

我使用SubSonic的MyObjectCollection.ToDataTable()从我的集合中构建DataTable。但是,这会在内存中复制对象并且效率低下。我想使用SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer方法,该方法使用IDataReader而不是DataTable,这样我就不会在内存中复制我的集合。

从我的列表中获取IDataReader的最简单方法是什么?我想我可以实现一个自定义数据阅读器(如http://blogs.microsoft.co.il/blogs/aviwortzel/archive/2008/05/06/implementing-sqlbulkcopy-in-linq-to-sql.aspx )但是,如果不编写一堆通用代码,我必须做一些更简单的事情。

编辑:似乎没有人可以从对象集合中轻松生成IDataReader。接受当前的答案,即使我希望框架中内置的东西。

一般承认的答案

这篇文章的代码中获取最新版本

没有什么能比得上代码流失:这是一个非常完整的实现。您可以通过IList IEnumerable,IEnumerable(ergo IQueryable)实例化IDataReader。没有令人信服的理由在阅读器上公开泛型类型参数并省略它,我可以允许IEnumerable <'a>(匿名类型)。看测试。

源,少xmldocs,足够短,可以在这里包含几个测试。源,与xmldocs的休息,测试是在这里 Salient.Data下。


using System;
using System.Linq;
using NUnit.Framework;

namespace Salient.Data.Tests
{
    [TestFixture]
    public class EnumerableDataReaderEFFixture
    {
        [Test]
        public void TestEnumerableDataReaderWithIQueryableOfAnonymousType()
        {
            var ctx = new NorthwindEntities();

            var q =
                ctx.Orders.Where(o => o.Customers.CustomerID == "VINET").Select(
                    o =>
                    new
                        {
                            o.OrderID,
                            o.OrderDate,
                            o.Customers.CustomerID,
                            Total =
                        o.Order_Details.Sum(
                        od => od.Quantity*((float) od.UnitPrice - ((float) od.UnitPrice*od.Discount)))
                        });

            var r = new EnumerableDataReader(q);
            while (r.Read())
            {
                var values = new object[4];
                r.GetValues(values);
                Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2} {3}", values);
            }
        }
    }
}

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using NUnit.Framework;

namespace Salient.Data.Tests
{
    public class DataObj
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public int Age { get; set; }
    }

    [TestFixture]
    public class EnumerableDataReaderFixture
    {

        private static IEnumerable<DataObj> DataSource
        {
            get
            {
                return new List<DataObj>
                           {
                               new DataObj {Name = "1", Age = 16},
                               new DataObj {Name = "2", Age = 26},
                               new DataObj {Name = "3", Age = 36},
                               new DataObj {Name = "4", Age = 46}
                           };
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void TestIEnumerableCtor()
        {
            var r = new EnumerableDataReader(DataSource, typeof(DataObj));
            while (r.Read())
            {
                var values = new object[2];
                int count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                values = new object[1];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(1, count);

                values = new object[3];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(string), r.GetValue(0));
                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(int), r.GetValue(1));

                Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}, Age: {1}", r.GetValue(0), r.GetValue(1));
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void TestIEnumerableOfAnonymousType()
        {
            // create generic list
            Func<Type, IList> toGenericList =
                type => (IList)Activator.CreateInstance(typeof(List<>).MakeGenericType(new[] { type }));

            // create generic list of anonymous type
            IList listOfAnonymousType = toGenericList(new { Name = "1", Age = 16 }.GetType());

            listOfAnonymousType.Add(new { Name = "1", Age = 16 });
            listOfAnonymousType.Add(new { Name = "2", Age = 26 });
            listOfAnonymousType.Add(new { Name = "3", Age = 36 });
            listOfAnonymousType.Add(new { Name = "4", Age = 46 });

            var r = new EnumerableDataReader(listOfAnonymousType);
            while (r.Read())
            {
                var values = new object[2];
                int count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                values = new object[1];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(1, count);

                values = new object[3];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(string), r.GetValue(0));
                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(int), r.GetValue(1));

                Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}, Age: {1}", r.GetValue(0), r.GetValue(1));
            }
        }

        [Test]
        public void TestIEnumerableOfTCtor()
        {
            var r = new EnumerableDataReader(DataSource);
            while (r.Read())
            {
                var values = new object[2];
                int count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                values = new object[1];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(1, count);

                values = new object[3];
                count = r.GetValues(values);
                Assert.AreEqual(2, count);

                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(string), r.GetValue(0));
                Assert.IsInstanceOf(typeof(int), r.GetValue(1));

                Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}, Age: {1}", r.GetValue(0), r.GetValue(1));
            }
        } 
        // remaining tests omitted for brevity
    }
}

/*!
 * Project: Salient.Data
 * File   : EnumerableDataReader.cs
 * http://spikes.codeplex.com
 *
 * Copyright 2010, Sky Sanders
 * Dual licensed under the MIT or GPL Version 2 licenses.
 * See LICENSE.TXT
 * Date: Sat Mar 28 2010 
 */


using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace Salient.Data
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Creates an IDataReader over an instance of IEnumerable&lt;> or IEnumerable.
    /// Anonymous type arguments are acceptable.
    /// </summary>
    public class EnumerableDataReader : ObjectDataReader
    {
        private readonly IEnumerator _enumerator;
        private readonly Type _type;
        private object _current;

        /// <summary>
        /// Create an IDataReader over an instance of IEnumerable&lt;>.
        /// 
        /// Note: anonymous type arguments are acceptable.
        /// 
        /// Use other constructor for IEnumerable.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="collection">IEnumerable&lt;>. For IEnumerable use other constructor and specify type.</param>
        public EnumerableDataReader(IEnumerable collection)
        {
            // THANKS DANIEL!
            foreach (Type intface in collection.GetType().GetInterfaces())
            {
                if (intface.IsGenericType && intface.GetGenericTypeDefinition() == typeof (IEnumerable<>))
                {
                    _type = intface.GetGenericArguments()[0]; 
                }
            }

            if (_type ==null && collection.GetType().IsGenericType)
            {
                _type = collection.GetType().GetGenericArguments()[0];

            }


            if (_type == null )
            {
                throw new ArgumentException(
                    "collection must be IEnumerable<>. Use other constructor for IEnumerable and specify type");
            }

            SetFields(_type);

            _enumerator = collection.GetEnumerator();

        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Create an IDataReader over an instance of IEnumerable.
        /// Use other constructor for IEnumerable&lt;>
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="collection"></param>
        /// <param name="elementType"></param>
        public EnumerableDataReader(IEnumerable collection, Type elementType)
            : base(elementType)
        {
            _type = elementType;
            _enumerator = collection.GetEnumerator();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Helper method to create generic lists from anonymous type
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="type"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static IList ToGenericList(Type type)
        {
            return (IList) Activator.CreateInstance(typeof (List<>).MakeGenericType(new[] {type}));
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Return the value of the specified field.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>
        /// The <see cref="T:System.Object"/> which will contain the field value upon return.
        /// </returns>
        /// <param name="i">The index of the field to find. 
        /// </param><exception cref="T:System.IndexOutOfRangeException">The index passed was outside the range of 0 through <see cref="P:System.Data.IDataRecord.FieldCount"/>. 
        /// </exception><filterpriority>2</filterpriority>
        public override object GetValue(int i)
        {
            if (i < 0 || i >= Fields.Count)
            {
                throw new IndexOutOfRangeException();
            }

            return Fields[i].Getter(_current);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Advances the <see cref="T:System.Data.IDataReader"/> to the next record.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>
        /// true if there are more rows; otherwise, false.
        /// </returns>
        /// <filterpriority>2</filterpriority>
        public override bool Read()
        {
            bool returnValue = _enumerator.MoveNext();
            _current = returnValue ? _enumerator.Current : _type.IsValueType ? Activator.CreateInstance(_type) : null;
            return returnValue;
        }
    }
}

// <copyright project="Salient.Data" file="ObjectDataReader.cs" company="Sky Sanders">
// This source is a Public Domain Dedication.
// Please see http://spikes.codeplex.com/ for details.   
// Attribution is appreciated
// </copyright> 
// <version>1.0</version>


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using Salient.Reflection;

namespace Salient.Data
{
    public abstract class ObjectDataReader : IDataReader
    {
        protected bool Closed;
        protected IList<DynamicProperties.Property> Fields;

        protected ObjectDataReader()
        {
        }

        protected ObjectDataReader(Type elementType)
        {
            SetFields(elementType);
            Closed = false;
        }

        #region IDataReader Members

        public abstract object GetValue(int i);
        public abstract bool Read();

        #endregion

        #region Implementation of IDataRecord

        public int FieldCount
        {
            get { return Fields.Count; }
        }

        public virtual int GetOrdinal(string name)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < Fields.Count; i++)
            {
                if (Fields[i].Info.Name == name)
                {
                    return i;
                }
            }

            throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("name");
        }

        object IDataRecord.this[int i]
        {
            get { return GetValue(i); }
        }

        public virtual bool GetBoolean(int i)
        {
            return (Boolean) GetValue(i);
        }

       public virtual byte GetByte(int i)
        {
            return (Byte) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual char GetChar(int i)
        {
            return (Char) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual DateTime GetDateTime(int i)
        {
            return (DateTime) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual decimal GetDecimal(int i)
        {
            return (Decimal) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual double GetDouble(int i)
        {
            return (Double) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual Type GetFieldType(int i)
        {
            return Fields[i].Info.PropertyType;
        }

        public virtual float GetFloat(int i)
        {
            return (float) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual Guid GetGuid(int i)
        {
            return (Guid) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual short GetInt16(int i)
        {
            return (Int16) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual int GetInt32(int i)
        {
            return (Int32) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual long GetInt64(int i)
        {
            return (Int64) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual string GetString(int i)
        {
            return (string) GetValue(i);
        }

        public virtual bool IsDBNull(int i)
        {
            return GetValue(i) == null;
        }

        object IDataRecord.this[string name]
        {
            get { return GetValue(GetOrdinal(name)); }
        }


        public virtual string GetDataTypeName(int i)
        {
            return GetFieldType(i).Name;
        }


        public virtual string GetName(int i)
        {
            if (i < 0 || i >= Fields.Count)
            {
                throw new IndexOutOfRangeException("name");
            }
            return Fields[i].Info.Name;
        }

        public virtual int GetValues(object[] values)
        {
            int i = 0;
            for (; i < Fields.Count; i++)
            {
                if (values.Length <= i)
                {
                    return i;
                }
                values[i] = GetValue(i);
            }
            return i;
        }

        public virtual IDataReader GetData(int i)
        {
            // need to think about this one
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }

        public virtual long GetBytes(int i, long fieldOffset, byte[] buffer, int bufferoffset, int length)
        {
            // need to keep track of the bytes got for each record - more work than i want to do right now
            // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.idatarecord.getbytes.aspx
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }

        public virtual long GetChars(int i, long fieldoffset, char[] buffer, int bufferoffset, int length)
        {
            // need to keep track of the bytes got for each record - more work than i want to do right now
            // http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.idatarecord.getchars.aspx
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }

        #endregion

        #region Implementation of IDataReader

        public virtual void Close()
        {
            Closed = true;
        }


        public virtual DataTable GetSchemaTable()
        {
            var dt = new DataTable();
            foreach (DynamicProperties.Property field in Fields)
            {
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn(field.Info.Name, field.Info.PropertyType));
            }
            return dt;
        }

        public virtual bool NextResult()
        {
            throw new NotImplementedException();
        }


        public virtual int Depth
        {
            get { throw new NotImplementedException(); }
        }

        public virtual bool IsClosed
        {
            get { return Closed; }
        }

        public virtual int RecordsAffected
        {
            get
            {
                // assuming select only?
                return -1;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Implementation of IDisposable

        public virtual void Dispose()
        {
            Fields = null;
        }

        #endregion

        protected void SetFields(Type elementType)
        {
            Fields = DynamicProperties.CreatePropertyMethods(elementType);
        }
    }
}

// <copyright project="Salient.Reflection" file="DynamicProperties.cs" company="Sky Sanders">
// This source is a Public Domain Dedication.
// Please see http://spikes.codeplex.com/ for details.   
// Attribution is appreciated
// </copyright> 
// <version>1.0</version>
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

namespace Salient.Reflection
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Gets IL setters and getters for a property.
    /// 
    /// started with http://jachman.wordpress.com/2006/08/22/2000-faster-using-dynamic-method-calls/
    /// </summary>
    public static class DynamicProperties
    {
        #region Delegates

        public delegate object GenericGetter(object target);

        public delegate void GenericSetter(object target, object value);

        #endregion

        public static IList<Property> CreatePropertyMethods(Type T)
        {
            var returnValue = new List<Property>();

            foreach (PropertyInfo prop in T.GetProperties())
            {
                returnValue.Add(new Property(prop));
            }
            return returnValue;
        }


        public static IList<Property> CreatePropertyMethods<T>()
        {
            var returnValue = new List<Property>();

            foreach (PropertyInfo prop in typeof (T).GetProperties())
            {
                returnValue.Add(new Property(prop));
            }
            return returnValue;
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a dynamic setter for the property
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyInfo"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GenericSetter CreateSetMethod(PropertyInfo propertyInfo)
        {
            /*
            * If there's no setter return null
            */
            MethodInfo setMethod = propertyInfo.GetSetMethod();
            if (setMethod == null)
                return null;

            /*
            * Create the dynamic method
            */
            var arguments = new Type[2];
            arguments[0] = arguments[1] = typeof (object);

            var setter = new DynamicMethod(
                String.Concat("_Set", propertyInfo.Name, "_"),
                typeof (void), arguments, propertyInfo.DeclaringType);
            ILGenerator generator = setter.GetILGenerator();
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Castclass, propertyInfo.DeclaringType);
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_1);

            if (propertyInfo.PropertyType.IsClass)
                generator.Emit(OpCodes.Castclass, propertyInfo.PropertyType);
            else
                generator.Emit(OpCodes.Unbox_Any, propertyInfo.PropertyType);

            generator.EmitCall(OpCodes.Callvirt, setMethod, null);
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

            /*
            * Create the delegate and return it
            */
            return (GenericSetter) setter.CreateDelegate(typeof (GenericSetter));
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Creates a dynamic getter for the property
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="propertyInfo"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static GenericGetter CreateGetMethod(PropertyInfo propertyInfo)
        {
            /*
            * If there's no getter return null
            */
            MethodInfo getMethod = propertyInfo.GetGetMethod();
            if (getMethod == null)
                return null;

            /*
            * Create the dynamic method
            */
            var arguments = new Type[1];
            arguments[0] = typeof (object);

            var getter = new DynamicMethod(
                String.Concat("_Get", propertyInfo.Name, "_"),
                typeof (object), arguments, propertyInfo.DeclaringType);
            ILGenerator generator = getter.GetILGenerator();
            generator.DeclareLocal(typeof (object));
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Castclass, propertyInfo.DeclaringType);
            generator.EmitCall(OpCodes.Callvirt, getMethod, null);

            if (!propertyInfo.PropertyType.IsClass)
                generator.Emit(OpCodes.Box, propertyInfo.PropertyType);

            generator.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

            /*
            * Create the delegate and return it
            */
            return (GenericGetter) getter.CreateDelegate(typeof (GenericGetter));
        }

        #region Nested type: Property

        public class Property
        {
            public GenericGetter Getter;
            public PropertyInfo Info;
            public GenericSetter Setter;

            public Property(PropertyInfo info)
            {
                Info = info;
                Setter = CreateSetMethod(info);
                Getter = CreateGetMethod(info);
            }
        }

        #endregion

        ///// <summary>
        ///// An expression based Getter getter found in comments. untested.
        ///// Q: i don't see a reciprocal setter expression?
        ///// </summary>
        ///// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>
        ///// <param name="propName"></param>
        ///// <returns></returns>
        //public static Func<T> CreateGetPropValue<T>(string propName)
        //{
        //    var param = Expression.Parameter(typeof(object), "container");
        //    var func = Expression.Lambda(
        //    Expression.Convert(Expression.PropertyOrField(Expression.Convert(param, typeof(T)), propName), typeof(object)), param);
        //    return (Func<T>)func.Compile();
        //}
    }
}


热门答案

你可以使用Marc Gravell的FastMember

IDataReader reader = ObjectReader.Create(myEnumerable); //all columns
IDataReader reader = ObjectReader.Create(myEnumerable, "Id", "Name", "Description");

除了抽象出创建逻辑之外,它还使用IL来获取属性/字段值,这比反射更快。



许可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隶属于 Stack Overflow
这个KB合法吗? 是的,了解原因
许可下: CC-BY-SA with attribution
不隶属于 Stack Overflow
这个KB合法吗? 是的,了解原因